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History of the Tundra

Discussion in 'General Tundra Discussion' started by csuviper, Jan 27, 2015.

  1. Jan 27, 2015 at 10:20 PM
    #1
    csuviper

    csuviper [OP] Moderator Staff Member

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    (Curtesy mostly of Wikipedia)
    The Toyota Tundra is a full-size pickup truck manufactured in the US by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota since May 1999. The Tundra was not only the first full-size pickup to be built by a Japanese manufacturer, but was also nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award and was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year in 2000 and 2008. Currently the Tundra is assembled in San Antonio Texas USA where production was consolidated in 2008, and the only full-size pickup truck manufactured in Texas, where trucks serve many purposes and have become an integral part of the state's culture.

    The first generation Tundra had many similarities with the older Toyota T100 and the Toyota Tacoma. The biggest of those similarities was the shared use of a 3.4-liter V6 engine which was the top of the line engine in both the Tacoma and T100. The V6 engine would serve as the base engine for the Tundra, while a second powerplant, a first for a Toyota truck, a V8 engine sized at 4.7-liters was added to the lineup.

    As of 2014 the Toyota Tundra is sold in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Panama, Honduras, Bolivia, and Chile in LHD only

    First generation (2000–2006)
    First generation

    Overview
    ProductionMay 1999 – Nov 2006
    Model years2000–2006
    DesignerHideo Kondo, Yusuku Fukushima (1996, 2001)
    Body and chassis
    Body style2-door Regular cab
    4-door Access cab
    4-door Double cab
    Powertrain
    Engine
    3.4 L 5VZ-FE V6
    190 horsepower (2000-2004)
    4.0 L 1GR-FE V6
    236 horsepower (2005-2006)
    4.7 L 2UZ-FE V8
    245 horsepower (2000-2004)

    282 horsepower (2005)
    271 horsepower (2006)
    Transmission5-speed manual (2000-2004)
    4-speed A340 automatic (2000-2004)
    6-speed manual (2005-2006)
    5-speed automatic (2005-2006)
    Dimensions
    Wheelbase128.3 in (3,259 mm)
    Double Cab: 140.5 in (3,569 mm)
    Length2000-04: 217.5 in (5,524 mm)
    Double Cab: 230.1 in (5,845 mm)
    2005-06: 218.3 in (5,545 mm)
    Width75.2 in (1,910 mm)
    Double Cab & Limited: 79.3 in (2,014 mm)
    Limited Double Cab: 79.7 in (2,024 mm)
    HeightSR5 V8 4WD: 71.1 in (1,806 mm)
    2000-04 SR5 Access Cab 4WD: 71.5 in (1,816 mm)
    SR5 Stepside Access Cab 4WD: 71.3 in (1,811 mm)
    Limited 4WD: 71.7 in (1,821 mm)
    2WD: 70.5 in (1,791 mm)
    SR5 Access Cab 2WD: 70.7 in (1,796 mm)
    Limited 2WD: 70.9 in (1,801 mm)
    Double Cab 4WD: 74.4 in (1,890 mm)
    Double Cab Limited 4WD: 75.0 in (1,905 mm)
    Double Cab Limited 2WD: 74.6 in (1,895 mm)
    Double Cab 2WD: 74.0 in (1,880 mm)
    Curb weight3935–4215 lb (1785–1912 kg)

    Publicly introduced in May 1999 as a 2000 model, the Tundra prototypes and "show trucks" were initially known as T150s. However, Ford and automotive pundits felt that this name was too close to the market-leader Ford F-150, and following a lawsuit by Ford, the production truck was renamed the Tundra (Toyota claimed they never truly intended to use the T150 name in actual production).

    The Tundra was slightly larger than the T100, but still suffered the perception of being too small and car-like to pose a serious threat to the domestic pickup trucks. With a production capacity of 120,000, sales were double the rate of the T100. At the time the Tundra also had the largest initial vehicle sales for Toyota in its history. It garnered impressive honors, including Motor Trend's Truck of the Year award for 2000 and Best Full- Size Truck from Consumer Reports. Built in a new Toyota plant in Princeton, Indiana, with 65 percent domestic content, the Tundra showed that Toyota was serious about closing the gap on the "Big Three" in all major segments.

    Engine choices available in the Tundra were a 24V 3.4-liter V6 engine that produced 190 horsepower (140 kW) and 220 lb·ft (298 N·m) of torque and an LEV certified 32 valve 4.7-liter "i-Force" V8 engine that produced 245 horsepower (183 kW) and 315 lb·ft (427 N·m) of torque. A Toyota Racing Development (TRD) supercharger was already available for the 3.4-liter V6 (2000-2003 models) that bumped horsepower to the 260 horsepower (190 kW) range and 260 lb·ft (350 N·m) of torque. TRD introduced a second supercharger for the V8 (2000-2003 models) engine late into its second year of production that pushed the V8 numbers to the mid 300 horsepower (220 kW) range and torque to the 400 lb·ft (540 N·m) range. Although the V6 supercharger is still widely available, the V8 supercharger is rarer and harder to find because TRD stopped its production once Toyota released the updated VVT-i equipped 4.7-liter engine.

    The grille was updated in 2002 (for the 2003 model year) along with a new Stepside Cab which was a Stepside version of the Access Cab to get more competition with Ford and Chevy and the Double Cab version was added to the lineup in 2003. The Double Cab model was a true crew cab with four normal doors, with interior and exterior details copied from the Toyota Sequoia. Its bed is nearly 5 inches (130 mm) longer than the competing Nissan Titan or Ford F-150. It is also 13 inches (330 mm) longer and 3 inches (76 mm) taller than the Regular and Access cab versions. A new engine was introduced in 2005: a 4.0-liter V6 rated at 236 horsepower (176 kW) and 266 lb·ft (361 N·m) of torque, and the existing 4.7-liter V8 was updated with Toyota's VVT-i variable valve timing technology and was rated at 282 horsepower (210 kW) and 325 lb·ft (441 N·m) of torque while the 2006 versions were rerated at 271 horsepower (202 kW) and 313 lb·ft (424 N·m) of torque . The 5-speed manual gave way to a 6-speed manual, and a 5-speed automaticreplaced the 4-speed. With a towing capacity of just 6,900 lb (on the Double Cabs) and a 7,100 pounds towing capacity on the Access Cabs and Regular Cabs with a V8 engine, it still did not have enough muscle to compete with the heavy-duty offerings of the Big Three and Nissan. Domestic truck aficionados still derided it as a "7/8 scale" pickup.

    In 2006 the Darrell Waltrip Edition was sold honoring the NASCAR star and his participation in the NASCAR Truck Series. Only 2000 V8 powered Double Cab models were produced. The package included special badging and unique 18" wheels.

    The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) rated the Tundra "Good" overall in their frontal offset crash test.[1] It was the first full-size pickup awarded a "Good" score, its then competitors from Ford and Dodge were rated "Poor" and in the case of GM's entry "Marginal".[2]

    Safety recalls
    During late 2009 Toyota issued a recall on 2000-2003 model year Tundras regarding rust problems of a rear crossmember. This recall involved 110,000 vehicles and followed a similar action for the Tacoma. Following the Tacoma voluntary recall Tundra owners began complaining of rust issues. Calls to Toyota regarding the Tundra rust issue were met with utter denial. In some cases, trucks were inspected by dealers (at a cost of $95 that the owners had to pay) and found to be unsafe to drive. The dealers refused to let the owners take their vehicles without signing an affidavit that they had been informed that Toyota had declared their vehicles unsafe to drive. Complaints were subsequently brought to WCVB-TV Channel 5 investigative reporter Susan Wornick and the story ran repeatedly in spring and fall 2009 prompting the NHTSA to begin an investigation. NHTSA was particularly concerned that owners reported the potential for the spare tire to drop from the vehicle without warning due to corrosion and they opened an investigation on October 6, 2009.[3] Toyota recalled 2000-2001 Tundras, soon expanding it through 2003. If no rust is detected an anti-corrosion compound will be applied, if rust is detected the crossmember will be replaced.[4] While Toyota originally limited the recall to 20 cold-weather states, problems were already evident elsewhere. In March 2010, the recall was expanded throughout the country.[5] Toyota has been replacing frames on affected vehicles rather than paying the 1.5 times Kelley Blue Book value they offered Tacoma owners in a similar campaign for frame rust in Tacomas. Toyota began replacing frames later in the Tacoma campaign.

    As of January 2012, Toyota Motor Co. is recalling 533,000 trucks and SUVs because of possible steering and suspension problems caused by faulty ball joints. The recall marks a sudden shift in policy for the Japanese automaker after repeatedly denying consumer complaints about ball joint problems and failures in the Tundra and Sequoia. The Toyota recall includes 2004 to 2007 model year Sequoia full-size sport utility vehicles and 2004 to 2006 Tundra pickups sold in the U.S. A ball joint in the front suspension may wear out causing the vehicles to be difficult or sometimes impossible to steer. Toyota reports that the defect may be the cause of 11 accidents resulting in six injuries. This can cause the wheel to fall off the truck without any notice.
     
    Last edited: Jan 28, 2015
  2. Jan 27, 2015 at 10:21 PM
    #2
    csuviper

    csuviper [OP] Moderator Staff Member

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    Second generation (2007–2013)
    Second generation

    Overview
    ProductionNov 2006 – present[6]
    DesignerCraig Kember (2003)
    Matt Sperling (facelift: 2011)[7]
    Body and chassis
    Body style2-door Regular cab
    4-door Double Cab
    4-door Crewmax
    Powertrain
    Engine
    4.0 L 1GR-FE V6 (VVT-i)
    236 horsepower (2007 - 2013 )
    4.0 L 1GR-FE V6 (VVT-i)
    270 horsepower (2014)
    4.7 L 2UZ-FE V8 (VVT-i)
    276 horsepower (2007 - 2009)
    4.6 L 1UR-FE V8 (VVT-i)
    310 horsepower (2010 - present)

    5.7 L 3UR-FE V8 (Dual VVT-i)
    381 horsepower
    Transmission5-speed automatic
    6-speed automatic (AB60E/F)
    6-speed automatic (A760E/F)
    Dimensions
    WheelbaseRegular cab 6.5' box: 126.8 (3220 mm)
    Regular cab 8' box/Double Cab 6.5' box/CrewMax 5.5' box: 145.7 (3700 mm)
    Double Cab 8' box: 164.6 (4180 mm)
    LengthRegular cab 6.5' box: 209.8 in (5,329 mm)
    Regular cab 8' box/Double Cab 6.5' box/CrewMax 5.5' box: 228.7 in (5,809 mm)
    Double Cab 8' box: 247.6 in (6,289 mm)
    Width79.9 in (2,029 mm)
    HeightRegular Cab 4WD: 76.2 in (1,935 mm)
    Regular Cab LB 4WD & Double Cab 4WD: 76.4 in (1,941 mm)
    CrewMax 4WD: 76.0 in (1,930 mm)
    Regular & Double Cab 2WD: 75.8 in (1,925 mm)
    CrewMax 2WD: 75.6 in (1,920 mm)

    2007 - 2013
    A larger Tundra was introduced at the February 2006 Chicago Auto Show. It had lifted cues of its smaller brother the Toyota Tacoma along with some cues from the Toyota FTX concept truck (also designed by Craig Kember in 2003). The truck had many enhancements, such as a towing capacity of up to 10,000+ lb, and a payload capacity of over 2,000 lb (910 kg), a new 5.7-liter 3UR-FE V8 engine mated to a new 6-speed automatic transmission. The second generation Tundra has 3 engines available. The new 5.7-liter V8 that produces 381 horsepower (284 kW) and 401 pound force-feet (544 N·m) of torque, and the carry over 4.7-liter2UZ-FE V8 rated at 276 horsepower (206 kW) and 313 pound force-feet (424 N·m) of torque, as well as the previous 4.0-liter 1GR-FE V6 rated at 236 horsepower (176 kW) and 266 pound force-feet (361 N·m) of torque.

    When the new Tundra was first launched in February 2007, it was available in 31 configurations, which consisted of 3 bed lengths, 3 cab configurations, 3 wheelbases, and 2 transmissions. The new Double Cab replaces the previous generation's Access Cab, and the all new CrewMax replaces the previous generation's Double Cab, it is also built to compete with the Dodge Ram Mega Cab. The Double Cab is available with a 6.5-foot (2.0 m) bed, regular bed, or an 8-foot (2.4 m) long bed, while the CrewMax is only available with a 5.5-foot (1.7 m) short bed. The Tundra also features a new 6-speed automatic transmission which can lock the torque converter in 5th and 6th gears with a manual shift mode which is standard with the 5.7-liter, giving it a 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) time of 6.3 seconds and a quarter mile time of 14.7 seconds.

    Toyota made the new Tundra useful for many construction workers, by including extra large door handles, deck rail system, integrated tow hitch, and head restraints that can fit a worker with a hardhat. The Tundra also includes as standard: an electronic automatic limited-slip differential (Auto LSD), Vehicle Stability Control, traction control, electronic brakeforce distribution, brake assist, anti-lock brakes and tailgate assist. However, its starting MSRP of $22,390 makes it more expensive than the Chevy Silverado Work Truck (MSRP $17,860) and the base Ford F-150 (MSRP $17,345).

    Some other changes Toyota included in the new Tundra are optional tow mirrors, a 26.4 US gal (100 L; 22 imp gal) fuel tank, available 22-inch (560 mm) alloy wheels, backup camera, Bluetooth, large center console (big enough to fit a 15-inch (380 mm) laptop), extra-large disc brakes and calipers, and the aforementioned 6-speed sequential automatic transmission.

    All 5.7-liter Tundras come equipped with a tow package which includes engine oil and transmission coolers, integrated trailer hitch, 4.30:1 axle ratio, and large braking hardware for increased fade resistance. Equipped with the 5.7-liter V8 the Tundra has a maximum tow rating of 9,000–10,400 lb (4,100–4,700 kg) depending on body configuration. Toyota began rating the Tundra under the SAE J2807 protocol beginning in 2010.[8]

    Model year changes
    • The 2008 model added 13 variations bringing the total to 44 model variants. The 2008 models feature additional standard features at a lower price, also include a new "Tundra Grade" trim which is slotted below the SR5 trim, and geared toward trades people and the price conscious consumer.[9]
    • Toyota made E85 fuel capability standard to 2009 Tundra's equipped with the 5.7-liter V8 in select regions. Toyota also updated the TRD Sport package and added a TRD Rock Warrior package. Prices increased 0.4% over the previous 2008 model year.[10]
    2010 Tundra Double Cab
    • The 2010 model year Tundra received visual updates to the grille and tail lamps. A premium Platinum trim level was added. And a new 4.6-liter V8 paired with a 6-speed automatic replaced the previous 4.7-liter2UZ-FE V8 engine. For added safety a driver and front passenger knee airbags became standard and NHTSA frontal crash test scores improved to five stars.[11] The 2010 Tundra began arriving at dealers in late April 2009.
    Special editions and Option Packages
    Ivan Ironman Stewart Signature Series Tundra
    In June 2008 Toyota introduced the Ivan "Ironman" Stewart Signature Series Tundra. Three different packages are offered, one of which includes the TRD Supercharger.

    As of 2008, Stewart has won the Baja 500 seventeen times driving Toyota vehicles.

    Rock Warrior Package
    For the 2009 model year, Toyota introduced a new off-road themed option package called the TRD Rock Warrior. This option package was only available on the 4x4 Tundras with either the Double Car or the CrewMax cab. Included in the option group included 17" TRD forged aluminum wheels, LT285/70R-17 BF Goodrich All-Terrian T/A tires, Bilstein shocks, color matched front bumper and grille, matte-black rear bumper, and fog lights. The interior included black cloth bucket seats, sport shift knob, and pedal covers. Double cab models received a sliding rear window. The TRD Rock Warrior package was only available in Black or Super White. For the 2011 model year, the Rock Warrior package continued with some minor changes. Manual sliding rear window with privacy glass (Double Cab), and TRD Rock Warrior graphics. (Available in the following exteriorcolors: Black, Radiant Red, Magnetic Gray Metallic or Super White only.)

    Platinum Package
    For the 2010 model year, a new luxury option group called the Platinum package was made available exclusively on CrewMax Tundras. The option package included a chrome front bumper, unique 20" aluminum wheels, Platinum badging and a power moonroof. Interior upgrades included a DVD navigation system and backup monitor, JBL sound system with satellite radio and a Bluetooth system, woodgrain trim, glass break sensor, and door sill protectors. This option group included heated and ventilated bucket seats with perforated leather trim, power controls and embroidered headrests.

    Engines
    2007–2009 model years
    2010-2013 model years
    • 4.0 L V6 GR engine 236 hp (176 kW) and 266 lb·ft (361 N·m) (CARB LEV II certified)
    • 4.6 L V8 UR engine 310 hp (231 kW) and 327 lb·ft (443 N·m) (CARB ULEV II certified)
    • 5.7 L V8 UR engine 381 hp (284 kW) and 401 lb·ft (544 N·m) (CARB ULEV II certified)
     
    Last edited: Jan 27, 2015
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  3. Jan 27, 2015 at 10:21 PM
    #3
    csuviper

    csuviper [OP] Moderator Staff Member

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    2014 - Present: Design Refresh
    2014 Toyota Tundra CrewMax with TRD option package


    On February 7, 2013, the refreshed 2014 Tundra was introduced at the Chicago Auto Show. The redesign featured a larger grille, more enhanced fenders front and rear, a redesigned tailgate and tail lights, as well as a completely redesigned interior. The only sheet-metal carried over from the previous model was the cab and the doors. The hood line was raised to give a more chiseled look and the tailgate includes a spoiler. The interior featured a standard 3.5 inch information screen, bluetooth connectivity, and back up camera. The interior included new seats, new gauges, new controls, updated ergonomics, and a redesigned dashboard with improved materials and metal-look surfaces. Toyota kept the same engines used since the MY 2010 update, a 4.0L V6, a 4.6L V8, and a 5.7L V8. [16][17][18][19] However, the 4.0L V6 saw a 34 hp (25 kW) increase in power, and was rated at 270 hp (201 kW) and 278 lb·ft (377 N·m).[20]

    Toyota retuned the suspension with new damping rates to improve the ride quality over the previous models. The steering rack was re-valved to improve the steering feel. The Tundra line-up included a new premium luxury model called the 1794.[19] In total, the 2014 Tundra is available in five trim levels, the SR, SR5, Limited, Platinum, and 1794.[20] For the 2014 model year, Toyota discontinued the regular cab Tundra with the 6.5' box, but other configurations remain the same. [21] The 2015 model year saw the introduction of the TRD PRO model, being marketed as a more capable off road package.[22] In addition, the 2015 model year saw the 4.0L V6 discontinued.[23]

    Trim Level Availability[20]
    Truck CabSRSR5LimitedPlatinum1794
    Regular Cabavailablenot availablenot availablenot availablenot available
    Double Cabavailableavailableavailablenot availablenot available
    CrewMaxnot availableavailableavailableavailableavailable
    1794 Edition
    For the 2014 model year Toyota introduced the 1794 Edition Tundra, designed as a top tier luxury model to compete with the Chevrolet Silverado High Country, Ford King Ranch, Ram Laramie and GMC Denali. The Toyota Tundra plant sits on land that Toyota purchased from the oldest working cattle ranch in Texas. 1794, refers to the year that this ranch was established by Spanish colonist Juan Ignacio de Casanova.[24] The 1794 Edition is a Western themed package which includes Lexus-grade saddle brown leather interior, heated/cooled/powered front seats, wood trimmed steering wheel and dash, power sunroof, blind spot monitoring, an Etune Premium JBL sound system with a navigation system, unique 20" Alloy wheels and 1794 Badging . [25] The seats on the 1794 are finished in leather and a suede-like material and features contrasting stitching. The dash and door panels also have leather trimmed surfaces along with wood accents.[26]

    TRD Pro
    For the 2015 Model Year, Toyota introduced the TRD Pro option package. This is marketed as a highly capable off-road package that is one step above the standard TRD option package. [22] The TRD Pro includes large 2.5" diameter Bilstien remote reservoir shocks at all four wheels which allow for greater maximum extension of the shocks compared to other Tundra shocks. These shocks allow for an additional 1.75" of travel in the front and 1.83" in the rear and employ a three stage damping that gets progressively firmer as the suspension compresses. These shocks allow the Tundra TRD Pro to have a front ride height that is 2 inches higher than other Tundras. [22] The front coil springs have a decrease spring rated for more suspension compliance.[27] The TRD Pro also include a 1/4" thick aluminum front skid plate and a TRD cat-back dual exhaust system. [22]

    The TRD Pro has a unique body coloured grille with a blacked out center section and the word "TOYOTA" on it instead of the Toyota Emblem. TRD PRO logo is stamped into the sides of the pickups bed, while TRD logos are on the shift knob, center console and floor mats. The interior features unique TRD Pro upholstery and door trim with contrasting red stitching and an Etune premium audio system with navigation. Tires included are P275/65-18 Michelin LTX A/T2 tires on black finished alloy wheels that have unique TRD center caps. The TRD Pro is available in three colours: Inferno, Attitude Black Metallic and Super White. The TRD Pro is available as an option only on the Tundra SR5 4x4 in either the Double Cab with the 6.5' bed or the CrewMax with the 5.5' bed.

    Engines
    2014-2015 model years
    • 4.0 L V6 GR engine 270 hp (201 kW) and 278 lb·ft (377 N·m) (CARB LEV II certified) 2014 only
    • 4.6 L V8 UR engine 310 hp (231 kW) and 327 lb·ft (443 N·m) (CARB ULEV II certified)
    • 5.7 L V8 UR engine 381 hp (284 kW) and 401 lb·ft (544 N·m) (CARB ULEV II certified)
    Availability
    Truck CabRegular Cab (2014)Regular Cab (2015)Double Cab SR (2014)Double CabCrewMax SR5CrewMax
    4.0 L V6standardnot availablestandardnot availablenot availablenot available
    4.6 L V8not availablenot availableoptionalstandardstandardnot availalble
    5.7 L V8optionalstandardoptionaloptionaloptionalstandard
     
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  4. Jan 27, 2015 at 10:22 PM
    #4
    csuviper

    csuviper [OP] Moderator Staff Member

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    Assembly
    The second generation Tundra was initially assembled at two different United States locations, the original Princeton, Indiana plant supplemented by a newly built San Antonio, Texas plant. Combined, the two plants give Toyota a maximum capacity of produce 300,000 Tundra units annually or 100,000 units from the Indiana plant and another 200,000 units from the Texas plant. When designing the Texas plant, Toyota arranged for 21 key Tundra suppliers to set up factories on the same site to avoid logistical issues, however those suppliers are more vulnerable to a market downturn. Toyota also included a $9 million health care facility to serve workers and their dependents.[29] Third Generation Tundra will be assembled at Toyota's San Antonio's Facility only.

    The Tundra has 75% domestic parts content.

    In the second quarter of 2008 Toyota moved all Tundra production to the Texas plant. All Tundra engines and transmissions are built in the United States. As sales fell in 2008, production of the Tundra at San Antonio stopped for three months.[33]

    Safety
    The Tundra comes equipped with dual front airbags, front row side torso airbags, and rollover sensing side curtain airbags for both the front and rear rows. Vehicle Stability Control, traction control, anti-lock brakes, brake assist, and electronic brakeforce distributionare also standard.[34] For the 2010 model year, a driver and front passenger knee airbag becomes standard.

    Toyota's Tundra was the first full-size pickup to have earned the IIHS's Top Safety Pick accolade, followed by the redesigned 2009 Ford F-150. In tests conducted by the IIHS, the Tundra received an overall "Good" score in the frontal offset crash test,the highest possible rating in the side impact crash test, and the maximum score for rear crash protection.

    NHTSA crash test ratings (2007):
    Frontal Driver4 stars
    Frontal Passenger4 stars
    Side Driver4 stars
    Side Rear Passenger4 stars
    Rollover4 stars

    The primary difference between IIHS and NHTSA frontal crash testing, is the IIHS conducts an offset test where a smaller portion of the vehicle's structure absorbs the energy of the crash. This type of crash test is more demanding on the vehicle's structure, while the full frontal crash test is more demanding on the vehicle's restraint systems. Both IIHS and NHTSA frontal impact tests can only be compared among vehicles of similar weights.

    Because the Tundra's Vehicle Stability Control system is disabled when the vehicle's 4x4 system is engaged Consumer Reports has questioned the Tundra's Top Safety Pick award. Toyota's response is the Tundra does not feature a center differential which would become a weak point in the drivetrain.[41] However the stability control system remains operational at times when the truck is in 4x2 mode though many drivers will select the 4x4 mode in slippery conditions. As of the 2010 model year this has been corrected. Electronic stability control functions in 4x4hi and is disengaged in 4x4lo. This is verified by the updated owners manual, visor instructions, and road tests in snow and ice in 4x4hi. When understeer or oversteer occurs in 4x4hi a beeping noise is emitted, and the dash indicator lights up yellow indicating that VSC is activated, braking individual wheels to match driver input at the steering wheel.

    TRD supercharger
    Toyota began selling a bolt-on TRD supercharger kit for the 5.7-liter V8 Tundra during June 2008. Power output is increased to 504 hp (376 kW) and 550 pound force-feet (750 N·m) of torque. When the installation is carried out by a Toyota dealership the existing warranty remains intact. This kit features Eaton's TVS Roots-type supercharger which utilizes twin four-lobe rotors, a design shared with the newly introduced Toyota TRD Aurion, Chevrolet Corvette ZR1 and Cadillac CTS-V. MSRP for the kit is set at $5,875.

    Edmunds tested a TRD supercharged Tundra which completed the 1/4 mile in 13.3 sec @ 103.8 mph (167.0 km/h). Edmunds previously tested a naturally aspired 5.7-liter V8 Tundra which posted a 14.8 sec @ 93.7 mph (150.8 km/h) time. Motor Trend's test of the supercharged Tundra resulted in a 1/4 mile of 13.0 sec @ 106.3 mph (171.1 km/h). This Tundra needed 4.4 seconds to run from 0-60 mph.

    Awards and comparison tests
    Awards
    • CanadianDriver crowns the Tundra as Truck King, selecting it as the best 1/2-ton pickup with an engine displacing greater than 5.0-liters, and again as best 1/2-ton with an engine displacing less than 5.0-liters.
    • Trailer Boats awards the Tundra with its 2007 Tow Vehicle of the Year award after completing nearly two weeks of testing.
    • Truckin' Magazine awards the Tundra Crew Max with its 2008 Truck of the Year award.
    • Motor Trend declared the Tundra its 2008 Truck of the Year. Other competitors tested were the Chevrolet Silverado HD, GMC Sierra HD, and Ford F-250, F-350 and F-450. While the Chevrolet Silverado, Motor Trend's 2007 TOTY was not in the competition, it was defeated by the Tundra in an earlier three round comparison as noted below. However, Motor Trend ranked the Silverado and Sierra ahead in a later comparison test.
    Media comparison testing
    • April 2009: An Edmunds.com test of 4x4 trucks resulted in a 2nd place finish for the Tundra.
    • November 2008: A test conducted by Pickuptrucks.com rated the Tundra 3rd, Motor Trend was asked to join the test and rated the Tundra 5th.
    • 2007: Motor Trend and Truck Trend magazines rate the Tundra ahead of its GM competitor in a three round battle. Parts of this comparison took place before the Tundra was officially on sale to the public. All sections were published in both magazines.
    Introduction Round 1: Head-to-Head Round 2: Down and Dirty Final Round - Up, Over, and Out:

    • 2007: Peterson's 4-wheel & Off Road magazine gave the Tundra a 2nd place finish in their 2008 4x4 of the Year competition. First place went to the Toyota Landcruiser[61]
    • January 2007: Edmunds.com places the Tundra first in their 1/2-ton comparison test.[65]
    Recalls and Reliability
    In May 2007, a Toyota spokesperson stated 20 camshaft failures occurred in Toyota's all-new 5.7 L 3UR-FE V-8 engine. Toyota said the failures were the result of a flaw in the camshaft casting process, and the supplier of the camshafts has since fixed the error. In the event of a camshaft failure Toyota will either replace the engine and extend the warranty or repurchase the truck from the owner. Toyota originally intended to begin selling the 5.7-liter equipped Tundra during the northern hemisphere summer of 2007 but decided to rush the engine into production in order to match the November 2006 launch date. This decision was the result of product planners and dealers desire for the larger V8's availability at the initial sale.[66]

    On December 13, 2007, Toyota Motor Corp recalled 15,600 4x4 2007 model-year Tundras in the United States because a rear propeller shaft joint may fail. "There is a possibility that a joint in the rear propeller shaft may have been improperly heat treated, resulting in insufficient hardness," Toyota said. Adding, "This may cause a section of the rear propeller shaft to separate at the joint." There has been one reported case of abnormal noises in the affected vehicles. No accidents have been connected to the recall. Tundra owners will be notified beginning in late-December 2007 and are requested to contact their local Toyota dealer for inspection. If the hardness is not correct the dealer will then replace the rear propeller shaft. [67] The 2007-2010 Tundra was recalled as part of the2009–10 Toyota vehicle recalls for its accelerator pedal.

    Although the Toyota Tundra had some recalls, it remains the highest rated pickup truck for reliability. Consumer reports rated the Toyota Tundra 2WD pickup as having the highest predicted reliability among all full-size pickup trucks. The Toyota Tundra 4x4 was rated in second, just below the 2WD model.[68] The Toyota Tundra also was the only full-size pickup to make Consumer Reports most reliable new car and most reliable used cars lists.[68] The Toyota Tundra is recommended by Consumer Reports and is the only full-size truck to have an above average reliability rating.[68]

    Sales
    The Toyota Tundra has sold at or just under its production capacity since 2000. The Indiana factory can produce 130,000 Tundras a year. The Tundra has been on the market for more than a decade, and has captured 17 percent of the full-size half-ton market. In 2000 Toyota sold 107,798 Tundras, which was a huge step forward from the Toyota T100 pickup which sold roughly around 50,000 units. By 2005 Toyota Motor Corporation managed to sell 126,529[76] Tundras. The best selling Ford F-150 sold 756,980 units that same year. With the added capacity of the San Antonio plant, Toyota planned to sell around 200,000 Tundras for 2007. Toyota missed its sales target for 2007, selling just under 200,000 vehicles.[77]

    Currently 70-80 percent of the Tundra sales are coming from the 5.7-liter, and 46 percent are coming from the Crew Max. The Double Cabs are also doing well, but the Standard Cabs are selling much slower than expected.

    The second generation Tundra sales for the month of July in its first year of production were 23,150, outpacing the GMC Sierra for that same month, although its sales were significantly less than the Sierra's corporate twin, the Chevrolet Silverado. For all of 2007, Sierra sales were over 12,000 more than Tundra, Silverado sales were more than 422,000 over Tundra and the F150 was once again the sales leader.[77]

    Calendar yearTotal sales (U.S.)
    2000100,445
    2001108,863
    200299,333
    2003101,316
    2004112,484
    2005126,529
    2006124,508
    2007196,555
    2008137,249
    200979,385
    201093,309
    201182,908
    2012101,621
    2013112,732
    2014118,493

    NASCAR
    In 2004, the Tundra joined the NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series and got its first win at Michigan International Speedway on July 31 that year. In 2006, the Tundra got Toyota's first manufacturer championship winning 12 of the 25 races. The model also got the driver and owner championship with Todd Bodine and Germain Racing.

    Pulling the Space Shuttle Endeavour
    On Friday, October 12, 2012, an unmodified, San Antonio-built Toyota Tundra Crew Max pulled the Space Shuttle Endeavour, on top of a special lightweight dolly, across the Manchester Boulevard Bridge (which runs across Interstate 405).[84] The shuttle's 12-mile (19 km) journey to the California Science Center was performed by four self-propelled robotic transporters. However, due to bridge weight restriction, the shuttle was moved to the lighter non-powered dolly and towed the short distance by the Tundra. Once it had completely crossed bridge, the shuttle was returned to the robotic transporters to continue its course.[85] Toyota also used this opportunity to film a commercial that aired during the 2013 Super Bowl
     
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  5. Jan 27, 2015 at 10:27 PM
    #5
    csuviper

    csuviper [OP] Moderator Staff Member

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    Series Chronology

    1993 - T100 debuts with 3.0L V6 engine.
    1993 - “Best of What's New,” Popular Science.
    1993 - T100 wins J.D. Power “Best Full-Size Pickup.”
    1994 - Introduction of 2.7L 4-cylinder engine.
    1994 - Automatic transmission available on 4WD.
    1994 - Driver-side airbag, additional safety items standard.
    1994 - “Best Full-Size Pickup” in Initial Quality, J.D. Power.
    1995 - Introduction of 3.4L V6, deletion of 3.0L V6.
    1995 - Introduction of Xtracab model.
    1995 - “Best Full-Size Pickup” in Initial Quality - J.D. Power.
    1997 - Minor option specification changes.
    1997 - “Top Three Vehicles in Initial Quality-Full-Size Segment,” J.D. Power.
    1998 - Announcement made that T100 will be replaced in 1999 with the all-new Toyota
    Tundra full-size pickup truck.
    2000 - Toyota launches all-new Tundra full-size pick-up truck in June 1999
    2000 - “Best of the Year,” MotorWeek – PBS automotive television show
    2000 - “Best Buy,” Consumer Digest magazine
    2000 - “Driver’s Choice award – Best Pickup Truck,” MotorWeek magazine
    2000 - Motor Trend’s “Truck of the Year”
    2000 - “4 X 4 of the Year,” Four Wheel and Off-Road
    2000 - Among Consumer Guide’s Recommended Large Pickup Trucks
    2001 - Minor option specifications changes
    2001 - “Best Full-Size Pickup,” – Consumer Reports magazine
    2001 - Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) – “Good” rating for 40-mile per hour front offset crash test
    2001 - AutoPacific’s Vehicle Satisfaction Score (VSS) award for Large Pickup Truck
    2001 - Among Consumer Guide’s Recommended Large Pickup Trucks
    2002 - Consumer Reports names Tundra “Most Reliable Large Pickup Truck”
    2002 - Intellichoice named Best Overall Value Full-Size Pickup Class 4x2
    2002 - J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality Study Best Full-size Pickup
    2002 - Among Consumer Guide’s Recommended Large Pickup Trucks
    2003 - The Tundra receives minor exterior and interior enhancements, as well as a new V8 Access Cab StepSide model, available as an SR5 or Limited 4x2 or 4x4.
    2003 - Among Consumer Guide’s Recommended Large Pickup Trucks
    2004 - All-new 2004 Tundra Double Cab model added to lineup.
    2004 - “Best Vehicles for $25,000 or Less,” pickup truck, Consumer Reports
    2004 - Consumer Reports “Most Satisfying” – Pickup Trucks, April 2005
    2004 - Among Consumer Guide’s Recommended Large Pickup Trucks
    2005 - New 245-hp 4.0L V6 replaces 3.4L V6; V8 gains VVT-i, now with 282 hp.
    2005 - Among Consumer Guide’s 2005 Recommended Large Pickup Trucks
    2005 - Tundra Regular Cab named “Best Truck Value Under $26,000” – IntelliChoice’s Best Overall Value of the Year Award
    2005 - Consumer Reports “Most Reliable ” – Pickup Trucks, Regular Cab 4WD on list for “Best
    Vehicles for $25,000 or Less” – Pickup Trucks, Forbes Best Pickups 2005 – Most
    Reliable Full-Size Pickup
    2006 - Among Consumer Guide’s 2006 Recommended Large Pickup Trucks
    2006 - Six-cylinder automatic model named “Greener Choices 2006” and “Best of 2006” –
    American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
    2006 - “Best Value in America” for Full-size Pickup 2WD and 4WD - Vincentric
    2007 - Introduction of MY07 Tundra CrewMax, Double Cab and Regular Cab at North
    American International Auto Show.
    2007 - Tundra Double Cab 5.7L 4WD V8 named Trailer Boats’ “2007 Tow Vehicle of the
    Year”
    2007 - “Truck of the Year,” Autobytel
    2007 - “Most Improved Vehicle,” Autobytel
    2007 - “Editor’s Choice,” Edmunds.com
    2007 - “Most Significant Vehicle of the Year,” Edmunds.com
    2007 - “Best Pickup,” Playboy
    2008 - Tundra Crew Max named “Truckin’s 2008 Truck of the Year”
    2008 - Selected as Motor Trend’s “2008 Truck of the Year”
    2008 - Truck Trend Magazine names Tundra its “Best in Class 2008: Crew Cab Pickup, 2WD”
    2009 - Gains E85 flex fuel model for 5.7-liter V8 in non-California emission states
    2009 -Kelley Blue Book “2009 Best Resale Value” – full-size pickup category
    2009 - Named an Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) “TOP SAFETY PICK”
    2009 - J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality Study Best Large Pickup
    2011 – IntelliChoice “2011 Best Overall Value” – Full-Size Pickup Truck LD
    2011 – J.D. Power & Associates Vehicle Dependability Study “Most Dependable Large Pickup, Six
    Years in a Row”
    2012 - J.D. Power & Associates Vehicle Dependability Study “Most Dependable Large Pickup,
    Seven Years in a Row”
    2013 – Tundra receives major redesign for 2014 model year
    2014 - Kelly Blue Book 2014 Best Resale Value” – full-size pickup category
    2014 – Kelley Blue Book 2014 Best Overall Value” – Top 10 vehicle
    2015 – TRD PRO Series Tundra is launched
     
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  6. Jan 27, 2015 at 10:29 PM
    #6
    csuviper

    csuviper [OP] Moderator Staff Member

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    (Saved for future overall comparison chart)
     
  7. Jan 28, 2015 at 9:28 AM
    #7
    FunkinTundra

    FunkinTundra New Member

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    OME614 full suspension\ Ekstrom design 3" shackles and poly bushing kit\ 295/70r18 Toyo MTs/ +20 offset Fuel Anzas\ 8" BAmuffler....etc...
    This is awesome!! Excellent work sir:) I feel like I know my truck even better now!! :D
     
  8. Jan 28, 2015 at 5:32 PM
    #8
    rons23

    rons23 Next Round is on me! Live OBX

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    Great write up
    :cool:
     
  9. Jan 28, 2015 at 5:33 PM
    #9
    bakersTRD

    bakersTRD New Member

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    Nice job. Very informative.
     
  10. Jan 28, 2015 at 5:54 PM
    #10
    csuviper

    csuviper [OP] Moderator Staff Member

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    I give almost all of that effort to Wikipedia :)
     
  11. Jan 28, 2015 at 6:07 PM
    #11
    csuviper

    csuviper [OP] Moderator Staff Member

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    Here is a bit of interesting history.
    The 1983 Toyota pickup was rated as having a capacity of 1,800 lb, and was also sold in unfinished camper and commercial cab/chassis form, and with a diesel option. A one-ton model came later (at least by 1985, when it had the 22RE engine), and in 1987 the one-ton Toyota truck had a 2,655 pound payload and could tow up to 5,000 pounds when properly equipped, though with a 116 horsepower 2.4 liter engine.
    It must have been interesting to drive with that load.

    The 2nd and 3rd gen tundras are only rated with a payload of 1,500 to 2,000 lbs. WTF. I assume it's mostly related to safety standard changes.
     
  12. Feb 1, 2015 at 10:30 AM
    #12
    robie56

    robie56 New Member

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    An informative, interesting, well written article, I appreciate the effort you put into this piece. Thank you!
     
  13. Feb 1, 2015 at 4:41 PM
    #13
    Sean266

    Sean266 #ThinBlueLine Staff Member

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    Good topic, Bry.
     
  14. Feb 1, 2015 at 6:00 PM
    #14
    MotoTundra

    MotoTundra Adrenaline Addict

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    Thanks for the info!
     
  15. Mar 8, 2016 at 9:45 AM
    #15
    SnowLizard

    SnowLizard New Member

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    Awesome Writeup! helps me better find exactly what I'm looking for.

    Quick question I can't seem to find a definitive answer...

    are all Double Cab Tundra's with a full roll down rear window?
     
  16. Mar 8, 2016 at 10:03 AM
    #16
    Sean266

    Sean266 #ThinBlueLine Staff Member

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    No. DC's have the sliders.
    The CrewMaxes have the full roll down rear window.
     
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  17. Mar 8, 2016 at 10:25 AM
    #17
    SnowLizard

    SnowLizard New Member

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    you're right on the new Tundra's... but
    on the 1st gen, there were three models,
    Regular Cab
    Access Cab
    Double Cab
    they did not come in 'CrewMax' until the 2nd Gen
    So you are correct on the 2nd gen Tundra's, and my question was the wrong one to ask...

    so for all full door 4 door Tundra's on all Gen's, did they come with the full rear window roll down?

    (still working on searching here, every site is a little different)
     
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  18. Mar 8, 2016 at 12:46 PM
    #18
    Cubanchem

    Cubanchem New Member

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    that's awesome, thank you
     
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